Table 1.

Lytic effects of MVs on bacterial species with different peptidoglycan chemotypes

StrainPeptidoglycan chemotypebLytic effect of MVs froma:
E. coli DH5αE. coliK-12S. pullorumS. arizonaeS. cholerae-suisE. agglomeransP. vulgarisS. marcescensKlebsiella strain UG-561K. pneumoniaeS. flexneriC. freundiiM. morganiiP. trifoliiP. aeruginosa PAO1
B. subtilis A1α+++++++++++++++++
S. viridans A1α
P. aeruginosaPAO1A1γ+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
E. coliK-12A1γ++++++++++++++++++++++++
M. smegmatis A1γ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
M. phlei A1γ++++++++++++++++++++
M. luteus A2α++++
S. aureus A3α
Staphylococcus sp.A3α
D. radiodurans A3β
S. griseus A3γ
L. japonicus A3γ
L. lactis A4α++++++++++
L. fermentum A4β
B. conglomeratum A4γ++++++++++++++++++
M. laevaniformans B1α
M. imperiale B1β
  • a Lytic effects were measured by diameters of the clear zones produced on agar plates: +, <1 cm; ++, 1 to 1.2 cm; +++, 1.2 to 1.4 cm; ++++, >1.4 cm. Negative results are not shown.

  • b Classification of peptidoglycan chemotypes of bacteria is based on reference 20.