Table 1.

Bacterial strains used in this studya

StrainPropertiesSource or reference
Y. pestis
 A1122bv. Orientalis pFraM. C. Chu, NCIDb
 PEXU2bv. Orientalis pFraM. C. Chu, NCID
 PB6bv. OrientalisM. C. Chu, NCID
 F361/66bv. Orientalis pFraM. C. Chu, NCID
 15–91bv. Orientalis pFraM. C. Chu, NCID
 16–34bv. Orientalis pFraM. C. Chu, NCID
 AZ94-0666bv. Orientalis pFraM. C. Chu, NCID
 ZE94-2122bv. Orientalis pFraM. C. Chu, NCID
 TWSbv. Orientalis pFraP. Oyston, CBDEc
 CO-92bv. Orientalis pFraP. Oyston, CBDE (21)
 GBbv. Orientalis pFraP. Oyston, CBDE (51)
 JAVA 9bv. OrientalisP. Oyston, CBDE
 195Pbv. Orientalis pFraP. Oyston, CBDE
 KIMbv. Medievalis pMT1M. C. Chu, NCID
 Harbin 35bv. Medievalis pFraM. C. Chu, NCID
 Nepal 516bv. Antiqua pFraM. C. Chu, NCID
S. enterica serovar Typhi CT18pHCM1 pHCM2J. Wain, Centre for Tropical Diseasesd
  • a The presence of pFra/pMT1 was demonstrated by caf1 PCR (52).

  • b NCID, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Fort Collins, Colo.

  • c CBDE, Chemical & Biological Defence Establishment, Porton Down, United Kingdom.

  • d The Centre for Tropical Diseases is in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.