Table 1.

Physiological and biochemical properties of the sulfite- and sulfate-reducing prokaryotes investigated in this study

SpeciesaStrain no.OxidationbTopt(°C)cG+C content (mol%)dAccession no.
Genome′dsrABGenome′/dsrABdsrAB3rd′Genome′/dsrAB3rd′dsrAB16S rDNA
Archaea
Euryarchaeota
  Archaeoglobus profundusDSM5631TC8241470.87500.82AF071499AF297529
  Archaeoglobus fulgidusDSM4304TC8346500.92590.78M95624X05567 ,Y00275
Bacteria
Nitrospira division
  Thermodesulfovibrio yellowstoniiDSM11347TI6530390.77281.07U58122 /3L14619
  Thermodesulfovibrio islandicusDSM12570TI6538390.97291.31AF334599X96726
Thermodesulfobacteriumdivision
  Thermodesulfobacterium communeDSM2178TI7034410.83331.03AF334596L10662
  Thermodesulfobacterium mobileDSM1276TI6531410.76340.91AF334598AF334601
Firmicutes: Bacillus/Clostridiumgroup
  Desulfotomaculum ruminisDSM2154TI2849461.07451.09U58118 /9Y11572
  Desulfotomaculum aeronauticumDSM10349TI3744480.92520.85AF273033X98407
  Desulfotomaculum puteiDSM12395TI50–6547520.90610.77AF273032AF053929
  Desulfotomaculum geothermicumDSM3669TC5450530.94650.77AF273029X80789
  Desulfotomaculum thermosapovoransDSM6562TI5051520.98620.82AF271769Y11575
  Desulfotomaculum kuznetsoviiDSM6115TC60–6549560.88740.66AF273031Y11569
  Desulfotomaculum thermocisternumDSM10259TI6257551.04670.85AF074396U33455
  Desulfotomaculum thermobenzoicumDSM6193TC6253560.95740.72AF273030L15628
  Desulfotomaculum thermoacetoxidansDSM5813TC55–6050560.89730.68AF271770Y11573
  Desulfotomaculum acetoxidansDSM771TC3738450.84410.93AF271768Y11566
  Desulfosporosinus orientisDSM765TI3045421.07301.50AF271767Y11570
  Desulfitobacterium dehalogenansDSM9161TI3745470.96460.98AF337903L28946
  Desulfitobacterium hafnienseDSM10664TI3747480.98471.00NDX94975
Proteobacteria deltasubdivision
  Desulfobacter vibrioformisDSM8776TC3347490.96550.85AJ250472U12254
  Desulfobacter latusDSM3381TC29–3244490.90540.81U58124 /5M34414
  Desulfobacula toluolicaDSM7467TC2842530.79660.64AF271773X70953
  Desulfofaba gelidaDSM12344TI753521.02610.87AF334593AF099063
  Desulfobotulus sapovoransDSM2055TI3453521.02590.90U58120 /1M34402
  Desulfosarcina variabilisDSM2060TC3351550.93680.75AF191907M34407
  Desulfococcus multivoransDSM2059TC3557561.02720.79U58126 /7M34405
  Desulfovibrio vulgarisDSM644TI30–3665611.07820.79U16723M34399
  Desulfovibrio sp. strain PT-2ATCC 49975I3065621.05860.76U58114 /5M98496
  Desulfovibrio desulfuricans Essex 6DSM642TI3059600.98790.75AJ249777AF192153
  Desulfovibrio africanusDSM2603TI30–3665621.05860.76AF271772X99236
  Desulfovibrio desulfuricans El AgheilaZDSM1926NDe30ND56ND72NDAF334592M37316
  Desulfoarculus baarsiiDSM2075TC3766621.06850.78AF334600M34403
  Desulfomonile tiedjeiDSM6799TC3749530.92630.78AF334595M26635
  Desulfobulbus rhabdoformisDSM8777TI3151520.98550.93AJ250473U12253
  Desulfobulbus propionicusDSM2032TI3960571.05720.83AF218452M34410
  Desulfobulbus sp. strain 3pr10DSM2058TI29ND48ND44NDAF337902M34411
  Desulforhopalus vacuolatusDSM9700TI1848471.02461.04AF334594L42613
  Desulfovirga adipicaDSM12016TC3560571.05750.80AF334591AJ237605
  Desulforhabdus amnigenaDSM10338TC3753521.02570.93AF337901X83274
  Thermodesulforhabdus norvegicaDSM9990TC6051530.96630.81AF334597U25627
  • a SRPs with a putative xenologous DsrAB are indicated by an asterisk.

  • b C, complete; I, incomplete.

  • c Topt, optimum growth temperature.

  • d Genome/dsrAB and genome/dsrAB 3rd, quotient of genomic and dsrABG+C content and quotient of genomic and dsrAB third position G+C content, respectively. The accuracy of the genomic G+C values may vary due to the different determination methods used.

  • e ND, no data available.