TABLE 2.

In vitro germination

Germinanta (pathway)Mean % decrease in OD600 ± SD in 30 min forb:
34F2GERKdGERLdGERSd
+++
Bufferc1.9 ± 1.82.3 ± 1.92.7 ± 2.11.7 ± 1.22.3 ± 2.52.5 ± 2.01.8 ± 2.5
l-Ala2.5 ± 1.72.9 ± 3.612.3 ± 4.23.2 ± 1.69.5 ± 2.12.8 ± 1.72.2 ± 0.8
l-Ala (50 mM) (Ala)54.2 ± 4.523.3 ± 2.859.2 ± 7.535.2 ± 1.763.8 ± 1.852.4 ± 2.5ND
L-Ala L-Pro (AP)42.5 ± 3.05.6 ± 1.547.1 ± 3.818.3 ± 2.248.6 ± 3.947.5 ± 2.1ND
l-Ala l-Trpd (5 mM; AEA)40.1 ± 6.232.6 ± 1.337.1 ± 1.13.4 ± 1.020.4 ± 2.717.9 ± 3.034.6 ± 2.6
l-Ala inosine* (AAID-1Al)60.2 ± 3.859.3 ± 1.4ND44.4 ± 3.961 ± 1.756.0 ± 1.2ND
Inosine* l-Trpd (5 mM; AAID-2)42.0 ± 1.443.5 ± 3.1ND44.9 ± 3.7ND22.3 ± 1.441.4 ± 1.6
Inosine* l-His (AAID-2)44.2 ± 3.344.0 ± 2.1ND37.6 ± 2.4ND13.7 ± 3.433.8 ± 1.2
Inosine* l-Pro (AAID-1)50.4 ± 2.95.7 ± 1.256.5 ± 7.155.8 ± 1.2ND52.1 ± 3.9ND
Inosine* l-Met (AAID-1)54.8 ± 5.41.57 ± 2.260.0 ± 6.153.6 ± 2.2ND55.4 ± 3.7ND
Inosine* l-Ser (AAID-1)46.7 ± 4.362.7 ± 1.2ND19.7 ± 5.240.9 ± 1.361.1 ± 1.2ND
Inosine* l-Val (AAID-1)45.3 ± 1.650.7 ± 2.8ND11.4 ± 2.029.1 ± 2.141.2 ± 3.2ND
  • a l-Alanine is at 0.5 mM, inosine is at 1 mM, and all other amino acids are at 50 mM unless otherwise noted. *, Similar results were seen with adenosine.

  • b Results are the average of triplicate experiments with duplicate endospore preparations with one standard deviation. The germination profiles of GERAd, GERXd, and GERYd are identical to parental 34F2. The germination profile of GERHd is identical to one already published (31) and is omitted for clarity. − or +, Without or with 10 mM IPTG added to the sporulation culture at the time of inoculation, respectively; this had no effect on germination of the parental strain (omitted for clarity). ND, not determined.

  • c PBS (pH 7.2).

  • d Similar results were seen with l-tyrosine and l-phenylalanine.